Grammar Patterns

Pattern combinations

Pattern combination 2: V; pl-n V n; V n with n

These verbs have three patterns. Two patterns are reciprocal:
    pl-n V n: The verb has a plural Subject and is followed by a noun group.
    V n with n: The verb is used with a Subject indicating one participant and followed by a noun group. This is followed by a prepositional phrase consisting of with and a noun group which indicates the other participant.
One pattern is not reciprocal:
    V: The verb need not be followed by anything.
V
 Verb group
SubjectVerb
The peace negotiationshave reopened.
pl-n V n
plural noun groupVerb groupnoun group
SubjectVerbObject
Company bosses and the unionhave reopenednegotiations.
V n with n
 Verb groupnoun groupwithnoun group
SubjectVerbObjectAdjunct
ZuckermanreopenedtalkswithPete Hamill.
Verbs with this combination of patterns belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'normalize' groupThe 'clink' groupEmphasizing reciprocity
When ergative reciprocal verbs are used in patterns with a plural Subject, they can be emphasized with phrases in the same way as ordinary reciprocal verbs (see Chapter 6). With most of them, a reciprocal pronoun (each other or one another) can be used after the appropriate preposition or after the verb.
The third possibility is that building societies may merge with each other.
These muscles overlap each other.
With the verbs listed below, the adverb together can be used for emphasis.
Given enough speed, nuclei fuse together and make a new, heavier element.
Biological, psychological, and cultural factors all mesh together to produce illness.
  • blend
  • bond
  • clink
  • dovetail
  • fuse
  • merge
  • mesh
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