Grammar Patterns

Pattern I: there V n

Pattern I: there V n

The verb follows there and is followed by a noun group.The noun group is the Subject. It agrees in number with the verb group; if the noun group is singular, the verb group is singular, and if the noun group is plural, the verb group is plural. However, if the noun group is a co-ordinated noun group, the verb group remains singular, as in There is a computer, a printer, and a photocopier.
thereVerb groupnoun group
ThereVerbSubjectAdjunct (optional)
Thereappeareda completely new problem. 
Therewasno moonthat night.
Thereremaindeep differences. 
Thereseemslittle hope of success. 
The noun group is usually indefinite: it begins with a determiner such as a or some, or a quantifier such as any or a few. If the noun group is plural, there is often no determiner at all. When the noun group is definite, beginning with a determiner such as the, this may be for one of three reasons:
1 A definite noun group may be used to change to a topic that is new in the conversation or writing but already known to the hearer or reader. The sentence often begins with And, Firstly, or Then.
And then there is the leadership crisis.
2 Sometimes the noun group has to be definite, for example because it includes a superlative adjective.
You have to send your horses where there are the best opportunities and that often means overseas.
3 A definite noun group is used with always to indicate that something good or bad may happen, or that the hearer or reader has the opportunity to do something.
Be positive. There is always the chance that it may get better.
There is always the risk of a more serious injury if you use a spray.
And, of course, there is always the 'off' button. You can always turn the television off.
In this pattern the noun group often includes a clause such as a relative clause, a that-clause, or a to-infinitive clause, or an adjective group following the noun. When the head of the noun group is a pronoun such as enough, little, or more, there is usually a clause following the pronoun.
Granted there are a great many who are extremely lean and wiry, but others can certainly become overweight.
Are there any exercises that will achieve this?
They get pleasure from the thought that there are whales swimming freely about.
And there are signs that the richer nations are waking up to the broader problem.
In every love affair or marriage there comes a time when romance abates and only compatibility, affection, generosity and goodwill hold it all together.
There are only 100 places available, so book now.
There was something strange about the flickering blue light.
There is never enough to go round and tempers are frayed.
The noun group may be the '-ing' form of a verb. In this case, it is always negative.
There 's no denying that eye make-up looks better on you than it does on me.
Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:I.1 The 'be' groupI.2 The 'emerge' group

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