Grammar Patterns

Pattern II: there V n prep/adv

Pattern II: there V n prep/adv

The verb follows there and is followed by a noun group. There is also a prepositional phrase or adverb group which usually comes after the noun group, but sometimes comes before there or after the verb. Most of these verbs also have the pattern there V n.Sometimes the prepositional phrase or adverb group comes before there, as in For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, or after the verb, as in There was in the flat an ancient wood-burning stove.The noun group is the Subject and the prepositional phrase or adverb group is an Adjunct.
thereVerb groupnoun groupprep. phrase or adverb group
ThereVerbSubjectAdjunct
Therewasno onethere.
Thereoccursdiscordin the marriage.
Thereremaineda riskin such a situation.
Sometimes the prepositional phrase or adverb group comes before there, as in For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, or after the verb, as in There was in the flat an ancient wood-burning stove.The noun group is usually indefinite: if it is singular it begins with a determiner such as a or some, or a quantifier such as any or a few. If the noun group is plural, there is often no determiner at all, as the clause There are schools that will have to close.Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
II.1 The 'be' groupII.2 The 'emerge' group

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