Grammar Patterns

V by amount

V by amount

The verb is followed by a prepositional phrase which consists of the preposition by and a noun group indicating an amount.This pattern has one structure:
    Verb with Adjunct
    Their incomes have dropped by 30 per cent.
V by amount
 Verb groupbyamount
SubjectVerbAdjunct
The overall number of jobsdecreasedby1000.
The Redswere leadingbytwo runs.
Phrasal verbs: V P by amount
 Verb groupParticlebyamount
SubjectVerbAdjunct
Farm productionwentdownby4.2 per cent.
Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'increase' and 'decrease' groupThe 'win' and 'lose' groupThe 'overrun' groupStructure informationOther related patterns

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