Grammar Patterns

V -ing

Structure III: Verb with Adjunct

V -ing
 Verb group-ing clause
SubjectVerbAdjunct
I'd diefeeling guilty.
Phrasal verbs: V P -ing
 Verb groupParticle-ing clause
SubjectVerbAdjunct
Weendeduphaving dinner.
Iwas hangingaroundhoping to see him.
Verbs with this structure are all concerned with beginning, ending, or spending time in a particular way.
The soldiers reasoned that they'd prefer to die fighting rather than waiting.
Their boat finished up pointing the wrong way.
I started off doing languages, which I quite enjoyed, but I switched to law and qualified as a solicitor.
  • die
  • end up
  • finish up
  • hang around
  • start off
  • wind up
  • Structure information

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