V n to n
Verbs with this structure are all concerned with changing something to something else. We include here the verbs promote and demote when the prepositional phrase indicates a person's new status, as in They promoted him to non-executive Director. We also include keep, which involves letting something stay at the same level.
Structure II: Verb with Object and prepositional Object Complement
|Verb group||noun group||to||noun group|
|Subject||Verb||Object||prep. Object Complement|
|He||raised||his voice||to||a shriek.|
|Verb group||to||noun group|
|Their sentences||have been commuted||to||life imprisonment.|
|He||has been promoted||to||senior vice president.|
Structure information: Verb with Object and prepositional Object Complement
This is a productive use: any verb which involves change can be used with this pattern. The verbs listed below are those which are most frequently used in this way.
abbreviate change commute convert decrease demote drop increase keep lower promote raise reduce (usu passive) shorten swell turn cut down narrow down whittle down
Obtain the rate of exchange from the internet on the day you order and use that figure to convert the pounds to dollars.
He had a tendency to drop his voice to a whisper.
Security was kept to a minimum this year and the protest passed off peacefully.
Many of the verbs with this structure also have the pattern V n from n to n. The verb is followed by a noun group and two prepositional phrases, the first beginning with from, and the second beginning with to. The first prepositional phrase indicates what the person or thing originally was, and the second indicates what he, she, or it becomes. The passive pattern is be V-ed from n to n.
Pope Urban commuted Galileo's sentence from prison to house arrest.