Grammar Patterns

V with quote

Structure information

The quote clause is a new clause, with its own structure. It may be one word, such as yes, or it may be a long speech. The Subject and verb most frequently come after the quote clause or in the middle of it, but they sometimes come before it. The order of Subject and verb is also variable; the Subject may come before or after the verb. Before a quote, the Subject usually comes first, although in journalism, the verb sometimes comes before the Subject:
Said Mr Fellows: 'We don't necessarily need more lawyers. We need more competent ones.'
After a quote, the Subject may come first or second, unless it is a pronoun. If the Subject is a personal pronoun, in modern English it always comes first.
This structure has no passive. The phrasal verb pattern is the same except that there is a particle, P, which comes after the verb.

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