Easy Learning Italian

Indefinite adjectives - Easy Learning Grammar Italian

What is an indefinite adjective?
An indefinite adjective is one of a small group of adjectives used to give an idea
of amounts and numbers, for example, several, all, every.
  • The indefinite adjectives ogni (meaning each), qualche (meaning some) and qualsiasi (meaning any) are invariable, that is they do not change their form for the feminine or plural.
ogni giornoevery day
ogni voltaevery time
fra qualche mesein a few months
qualche voltasometimes
in qualsiasi momentoat any time
qualsiasi cosaanything
  • The following indefinite adjectives end in –o, and change their endings in the normal way.
altroother
tuttoall
moltomuch
parecchioa lot of
pocoa little
tantoso much
troppotoo much
  • Put the indefinite or definite article IN FRONT OF altro.
un altro giornoanother day
un’altra voltaanother time
gli altri studentithe other students
  • Put the definite article AFTER tutto, even when there is no article in English.
tutta la giornataall day
tutte le ragazzeall the girls
  • Use molto (masculine) and molta (feminine) to talk about large amounts.
Non abbiamo molto tempo.We haven’t much time.
C’è molta roba.There’s a lot of stuff.
  • Use molti (masculine plural) and molte (feminine plural) to talk about large numbers.
Abbiamo molti problemi.We’ve got a lot of problems.
L’ho fatto molte volte.I’ve done it many times.
  • You can also use parecchio and parecchia to talk about quite large amounts,
    and parecchi and parecchie to talk about quite large numbers.
Non lo vedo da parecchio
tempo.
I haven’t seen him for quite some time.
C’era parecchia neve in
montagna.
There was quite a lot of snow on the hills.
Ho avuto parecchi guai.I had quite a few problems.
Ha parecchie amiche inglesi.She has several English friends.
  • Note that the masculine singular ending of parecchio changes to a single –i
    in the plural.
  • Use poco and poca to talk about small amounts and pochi and poche to
    talk about small numbers.
C’è poco tempo.There’s not much time.
Ha pochi amici.He has few friends.
  • Note that the singular endings –co and –ca change to –chi and –che in the plural.
  • For more information on Spelling, see Spelling.
  • Use troppo and troppa to say too much, and troppi and troppe to say too many.
Questa minestra è troppa per me.This is too much soup for me.
Ho troppe cose da fare.I’ve got too many things to do.
  • Use tanto and tanta to talk about very large amounts, and tanti and tante to talk about very large numbers.
Ho mangiato tanta pasta!I ate so much pasta!
Abbiamo avuto tanti problemi.We’ve had a whole lot of problems.
Grammar Extra!ciascuno (meaning each) and nessuno (meaning no) have no plural and behave like the indefinite article uno.Before a masculine noun starting with a vowel, or most consonants, use ciascun and nessun.
ciascun candidatoeach candidate
ciascun amicoeach friend
nessun irlandese no Irishman
Non ha fatto nessun commento. He made no comment.
Before a masculine noun starting with z or s + another consonant use ciascuno and nessuno.
ciascuno studenteeach student
nessuno spagnolono Spanish person
Before a feminine noun starting with a consonant use ciascuna and nessuna.
ciascuna ragazzaeach girl
nessuna ragioneno reason
Before a feminine noun beginning with a vowel use ciascun’ and nessun’.
ciascun’amicaeach friend (female)
nessun’alternativano alternative
Key points
  • ogni, qualche and qualsiasi always have the same form.
  • altro, tutto, molto, poco, parecchio, troppo and tanto change their endings in the feminine and plural.

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