Easy Learning Spanish

Indefinite adjectives - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish

What is an indefinite adjective?
An indefinite adjective is one of a small group of adjectives used to talk about people or things in a general way without saying exactly who or what they are, for example, several, all, every.
  • In English indefinite adjectives do not change, but in Spanish most indefinite adjectives change for the feminine and plural forms.
SingularPluralMeaning
masculinefemininemasculinefeminine
algúnalgunaalgunosalgunassome; any
cadacada each; every
mismomismamismosmismassame
muchomuchamuchosmuchasa lot of
otrootraotrosotrasanother; other
pocopocapocospocaslittle; few
tantotantatantostantasso much; so many
todotodatodostodasall; every
variosvariasseveral
 
algún díasome day
el mismo díathe same day
las mismas películasthe same films
otro cocheanother car
mucha gentea lot of people
otra manzanaanother apple
pocos amigosfew friends
  • Note that you can never use otro (meaning other or another) with un or una.
¿Me das otra manzana?Will you give me another apple?
¿Tienes otro jersey?Have you got another jumper?
TipSome and any are usually not translated before nouns that you can’t count like bread, butter, water.
Hay pan en la mesa.There’s some bread on the table.
¿Quieres café?Would you like some coffee?
¿Hay leche?Is there any milk?
No hay mantequilla.There isn’t any butter.
  • todo/toda/todos/todas (meaning all or every) can be followed by:
  • a definite article (el, la, los, las)
Han estudiado durante toda la noche.They’ve been studying all night.
Vienen todos los días.They come every day.
  • a demonstrative adjective (este, ese, aquel and so on)
Ha llovido toda esta semana.It has rained all this week.
  • a possessive adjective (mi, tu, su and so on)
Pondré en orden todos mis libros.I’ll sort out all my books.
  • a place name
Lo sabe todo Madrid.The whole of Madrid knows it.
  • As in English, Spanish indefinite adjectives come BEFORE the noun they describe.
las mismas películasthe same films
Key points
  • Like other adjectives, Spanish indefinite adjectives (such as otro and todo) must agree with what they describe.
  • They go before the noun to which they relate.

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