Easy Learning Spanish

Interrogative adjectives - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish

What is an interrogative adjective?
An interrogative adjective is one of the question words and expressions used with a noun such as which, what, how much and how many; for example, Which shirt are you going to wear?; How much time have we got?
  • In Spanish the interrogative adjectives are qué (meaning which or what) and cuánto/cuánta/cuántos/cuántas (meaning how much/how many). Note that like all other Spanish question words, qué and cuánto have accents on them.
  • ¿qué? (meaning which? or what?) doesn’t change for the feminine and plural forms.
¿Qué libro te gusta más?Which book do you like best?
¿Qué clase de diccionario necesitas?What kind of dictionary do you need?
¿Qué instrumentos tocas?What instruments do you play?
¿Qué ofertas has recibido?What offers have you received?
  • ¿cuánto? means the same as how much? in English. It changes to ¿cuánta? in the feminine form.
¿Cuánto dinero te queda?How much money have you got left?
¿Cuánta lluvia ha caído?How much rain have we had?
  • Note that with gente (meaning people), which is a feminine singular noun, cuánta must be used.
¿Cuánta gente ha venido?How many people came?
  • ¿cuántos? means the same as how many? in English. It changes to ¿cuántas? in the feminine plural.
¿Cuántos bolígrafos quieres?How many pens would you like?
¿Cuántas personas van a venir?How many people are coming?
TipDon’t forget to add the opening upside-down question mark in Spanish questions.
Grammar Extra!In English we can say, Tell me what time it is, He asked me how much sugar there was and I don’t know which dress to choose to express doubt, report a question, or ask a question in a roundabout or indirect way. In Spanish you can use qué and cuánto/cuánta/cuántos/cuántas in the same way.
Dime qué hora es.Tell me what time it is.
Me preguntó cuánto azúcar había.He asked me how much sugar there was.
No sé qué vestido escoger.I don’t know which dress to choose.
No sé a qué hora llegó.I don’t know what time she arrived.
Dime cuántas postales quieres.Tell me how many postcards you’d like.

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