In English we have conjunctions which are made up of two parts (both … and, neither … nor). Spanish also has conjunctions which have more than one part, the commonest of which are probably ni ... ni (meaning neither ... nor) and o ... o (meaning either ... or):
Split conjunctions - Easy Learning Grammar Spanish
- ni … ni neither … nor
|Ni Carlos ni Sofía vinieron. or|
No vinieron ni Carlos ni Sofía.
|Neither Carlos nor Sofía came.|
- Note that if you’re putting ni ... ni after the verb you must put no before the verb.
|No tengo ni hermanos ni hermanas.||I have neither brothers nor sisters.|
- o … o either … or
|Puedes tomar o helado o yogur.||You can have either ice cream or yoghurt.|
- y, o, pero, porque and si are the most common conjunctions that you need to know in Spanish.
- Use e rather than y before words beginning with i or hi (but not with hie).
- Use u rather than o before words beginning with o or ho.
- que very often means that. That is often missed out in English, but que can never be left out in Spanish.
- Some conjunctions such as ni … ni and o … o consist of two parts.