Easy Learning French

Demonstrative adjectives: ce, cette, cet and ces - Easy Learning Grammar French

What is a demonstrative adjective?
A demonstrative adjective is one of the words this, that, these and those used with a noun in English to point out a particular thing or person, for example, this woman, that dog.
  • In French you use ce to point out a particular thing or person. Like all adjectives in French, ce changes its form depending on whether you are referring to a noun that is masculine or feminine, singular or plural.
 MasculineFeminineMeaning
Singularce (cet)cettethis
that
Pluralcescesthese
those
Tipcet is used in front of masculine singular nouns which begin with
a vowel and most words beginning with
h.
cet oiseauthis/that bird
cet hôpitalthis/that hospital
  • ce comes BEFORE the noun it refers to.
Combien coûte ce manteau?How much is this/that coat?
Comment s’appelle cette entreprise?What’s this/that company called?
Ces livres sont très intéressants.These/Those books are very interesting.
Ces couleurs sont jolies.These/Those colours are pretty.
  • If you want to emphasize the difference between something that is close to you and something that is further away, you can add:
  • -ci on the end of the noun for things that are closer
Prends cette valise-ci.Take this case.
  • -là on the end of the noun for things that are further away
Est-ce que tu reconnais cette personne-là?Do you recognize that person?
Key points
  • The adjective ce corresponds to this and that in the singular, and these and those in the plural.
  • The forms are ce and cette in the singular, and ces in the plural. cet is used with masculine singular nouns beginning with a vowel and most words beginning with h.
  • You can add -ci on the end of the noun for things that are closer, or -là for things that are further away, to emphasize the difference between them.

查看相关内容

科林斯的新消息!
科林斯的新消息!
英语单词列表
英语单词列表
最新提交的词汇
最新提交的词汇
轻松学习英语语法
轻松学习英语语法
COBUILD 语法
COBUILD 语法
文字爱好者的博客
文字爱好者的博客
在线拼字检查
在线拼字检查
The Paul Noble Method
The Paul Noble Method
Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content
Register now or login in to access