语法

Chapter 8 Ergative Reciprocal Verbs

Chapter 8 Ergative Reciprocal VerbsThere are some verbs which are both ergative and reciprocal. A typical ergative reciprocal verb has the following features:1) Like an ergative verb, it has patterns where the verb is not followed directly by a noun group (for example pl-n V and V with n) and patterns where the verb is followed directly by a noun group (for example V pl-n and V n with n). The person or thing indicated by the Subject of the first kind of pattern may also be indicated by the noun group following the verb in the second kind of pattern. For example: The oil mixes with the other ingredients. She mixed the oil with the other ingredients.2) Like a reciprocal verb, it has a pattern where the verb is used with a plural Subject indicating the participants in an action (for example pl-n V), and one or more patterns where the other participant in an action is indicated by the Object, prepositional Object, or Adjunct (for example V with n). For example: The salt water and fresh water mix. The salt water mixes with the fresh water.Ergative reciprocal verbs all indicate that two or more people, groups or things join together or are linked in some way, or that someone or something causes two or more people, groups, or things to join together or be linked.Pattern combinations

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