语法

Combination of patterns with ergative verbs

Combination of patterns with ergative verbs

Some ergative verbs have symmetrical combinations of patterns. For example, the verb break has a combination of two patterns, V and V n. This combination is symmetrical because the only difference between the two patterns is that one has a noun group following the verb and the other does not. You say The stick broke and She broke the stick.Some ergative verbs have combinations of patterns that are asymmetrical, that is, the patterns are different in more ways than the presence or absence of a noun group. For example, the verb puff has the pattern V n but not the pattern V. Instead, it has the pattern V prep/adv. Therefore, you say The chimney puffed smoke and Smoke puffed out of the chimney but you do not say Smoke puffed.

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