语法

Comparative adjectives

Part 2: The patterns of comparative adjectives

Comparative adjectives have the following patterns:
    Pattern 1: the ADJ-COMPAR
    Pattern 2: the ADJ-COMPAR of pl-n
    Pattern 3: ADJ-COMPAR than n/-ing
    Pattern 4: ADJ-COMPAR than cl
    Pattern 5: ADJ-COMPAR than adv
    Pattern 6: ADJ-COMPAR than adj/-ed
    Pattern 7: ADJ-COMPAR than prep
    Pattern 8: ADJ-COMPAR than adj/-ed n
    Pattern 9: ADJ-COMPAR n than n
    Pattern 10: ADJ-COMPAR n than prep
    Pattern 11: ADJ-COMPAR n than cl
    Pattern 12: the ADJ-COMPAR n, the ADJ-COMPAR n
    Pattern 13: the ADJ-COMPAR, the ADJ-COMPAR
We include here only those patterns which are dependent on the comparative form of the adjective. Comparative adjectives also have the patterns that other adjective forms have. For example, a comparative adjective may be found in the pattern ADJ n.
Most fathers' involvement tends to include play, rather than the more arduous tasks of washing clothes and feeding.
The origins of their disagreement can be traced to their personalities: two more different individuals would be difficult to find.
The elder girl, about 21, was married, but her husband had disappeared.
It may be found in the pattern v-link ADJ.
Sea salt is more acceptable and should be used in preference to table salt.
Using the tip of a knife, or your finger nail, whichever is easier, nick the skin open on each almond and squeeze the nut out.
Many comparative adjectives are followed by prepositional phrases, or a to-infinitive clause, for example, which are patterns of the adjective itself.
Graduates have become more aware of environmental issues, like the general public.
His successor will be much more difficult to deal with.
When the comparative adjective is followed by a noun, the noun may be followed by a prepositional phrase or a clause that is the pattern of the noun.
I have a collection of relaxation tapes which take you through the various methods of relieving tension. For some people the use of a more active form of relaxation is most beneficial.
The officials have adopted a friendlier attitude toward tourism.
We do not consider these to be patterns of comparative adjectives.Except in Patterns 1 and 2, comparative adjectives can be modified by grading adverbs. The following grading adverbs are typically used with comparatives. The ones marked with an asterisk (*) are not used when the comparative comes before a noun.
  • a bit*
  • a good deal*
  • a great deal*
  • a little*
  • a lot*
  • considerably
  • far
  • heaps*
  • infinitely
  • much
  • slightly
  • vastly
  • very much
  • Pattern 1: the ADJ-COMPARPattern 2: the ADJ-COMPAR of pl-nPattern 3: ADJ-COMPAR than n/-ingPattern 4: ADJ-COMPAR than clPattern 5: ADJ-COMPAR than advPattern 6: ADJ-COMPAR than adj/-edPattern 7: ADJ-COMPAR than prepPattern 8: ADJ-COMPAR than adj/-ed nPattern 9: ADJ-COMPAR n than nPattern 10: ADJ-COMPAR n than prepPattern 11: ADJ-COMPAR n than clPattern 12: the ADJ-COMPAR n, the ADJ-COMPAR nPattern 13: the ADJ-COMPAR, the ADJ-COMPAR

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