语法

Pattern combinations

Pattern combination 3: pl-n V; V n; V pl-n; V n to/with n

These verbs have four patterns. Two patterns are reciprocal:
    pl-n V: The verb has a plural Subject.
    V n: The verb is used with a Subject indicating one participant and followed by a noun group indicating the other.
Two patterns are not reciprocal:
    V pl-n: The verb is followed by a plural noun group.
    V n to/with n: The verb is followed by a noun group and a prepositional phrase consisting of to or with and a noun group.
pl-n V
plural noun groupVerb group
SubjectVerb
Cats' territoriesmay overlap.
V n
 Verb groupnoun group
SubjectVerbObject
The second toeoverlapsthe third toe.
V pl-n
 Verb groupplural noun group
SubjectVerbObject
 Overlapthe strips.
V n to/with n
 Verb groupnoun groupto/withnoun group
SubjectVerbObjectprepositional Object
 Overlapeach stripwiththe next.
There are five verbs with this combination of patterns. Match and overlap have the pattern V n with n. Marry, match and touch have the pattern V n to n.
He compared the sequence of visits entered in the appointments diary with the dates quoted at the back of the file. They matched.
They told him he couldn't board the plane unless the name on his ticket matched the one on his passport.
Magnetic boards are also very popular because the children can match shapes, animals and numbers, effectively developing their memory skills.
Mr Wright's task is to match graduates with firms.
She held out her hand and their fingers touched.
Smoothly lower the bar so that it touches the middle of your chest, then press it upwards to arms length again.
Laura and I touched knees again.
She touched her glass to his.
The verb wed has the passive pattern pl-n be V-ed, not the active patterns V pl-n or V n with/to n.
We were wed in 1968 and had a very happy marriage.
  • marry
  • match
  • overlap
  • touch
  • wed
  • Emphasizing reciprocity
    When ergative reciprocal verbs are used in patterns with a plural Subject, they can be emphasized with phrases in the same way as ordinary reciprocal verbs (see Chapter 6). With most of them, a reciprocal pronoun (each other or one another) can be used after the appropriate preposition or after the verb.
    The third possibility is that building societies may merge with each other.
    These muscles overlap each other.
    With the verbs listed below, the adverb together can be used for emphasis.
    Given enough speed, nuclei fuse together and make a new, heavier element.
    Biological, psychological, and cultural factors all mesh together to produce illness.
  • blend
  • bond
  • clink
  • dovetail
  • fuse
  • merge
  • mesh
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