语法

V n -ed

Structure III: Verb with Object and Object Complement

Active voice: V n -ed
 Verb groupnoun group-ed clause
SubjectVerbObjectObject Complement
Shefoundhimmurdered.
Theykepttheir haircut short.
Passive voice: be V-ed -ed
 Verb group-ed clause
SubjectVerbComplement
A stockbrokerwas foundstabbed to death.
Youshould be keptdetained.
The verbs find and keep are concerned with finding or keeping someone or something in a particular condition or situation. The verb make is concerned with causing yourself to be heard or understood, and report is concerned with reporting bad news, for example that people are dead or injured, or have been arrested or detained.
The avid fisherman can carry his or her day's catch straight to the chef and find it prepared to perfection at dinner that evening.
Eight years before he had cruised the Caribbean with his mother, and he was careful to keep her informed of his progress.
At least three people were reported killed when police opened fire in three areas of the capital.
In the case of make, the noun group is often a reflexive pronoun. This pattern is V pron-refl -ed.
He had taught me a few words of his language and I was able to make myself understood now and then.
  • find
  • keep
  • make
  • report (usu passive)
  • Structure information: Verb with Object and Object Complement

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