语法

V n on n

V n on n

The verb is followed by a noun group and a prepositional phrase which consists of on and a noun group. With some verbs, the preposition is sometimes followed by an '-ing'clause or a wh-clause.The passive pattern is be V-ed on n.With some verbs, the preposition is sometimes upon instead of on. Upon is a more formal or literary word.This pattern has one structure:
    Verb with Object and Adjunct
    He played a trick on her.
Active voice: V n on n
 Verb groupnoun grouponnoun group
SubjectVerbObjectAdjunct
Idon't forcevegetarianismonpatients.
The rebelshave inflictedheavy lossesongovernment forces.
Helavishedattentiononher.
Wewill putpressureonthe authorities.
McClarenspranga new ideaonhim.
Bitter youngstershave turnedtheir angeronpolice.
Passive voice: be V-ed on n
 Verb grouponnoun group
SubjectVerbAdjunct
Every detailwas imprintedonhis memory.
Hostile actswere being perpetratedonthe community.
Cheesecan be sprinkledonegg or vegetable dishes.
Active voice: V n P on n, V P n (not pron) on n
 Verb groupnoun groupParticleonnoun group
SubjectVerb...Object...VerbAdjunct
Iwould fillhiminonwhat I was reading.
Shetookher angeroutonme.
 Verb groupParticlenoun grouponnoun group
SubjectVerbObjectAdjunct
 Pindownsuppliersondelivery dates.
None of themwill putdownanythingonpaper.
Passive voice: be V-ed P on n
 Verb groupParticleonnoun group
SubjectVerbAdjunct
This worthless paperwas palmedoffonthe state-owned banks.
The young Humeswere thrownbackontheir own resources.
Verbs with this pattern belong to the following meaning groups:
The 'bestow' groupThe 'impose' groupThe 'question' groupThe 'place' groupThe 'focus' groupThe 'pull a gun' groupThe 'bang' groupThe 'pat on the back' groupThe 'carve' groupThe 'base' groupThe 'gamble' groupThe 'spend' groupThe 'model' groupVerbs with other meaningsStructure information

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